Newborn wolf puppies are born either fully blind or deaf and rely heavily on their sense of smell.
They are cared for by their mother and the entire pack, with non-breeding females producing milk and males taking turns to babysit and feed the young.
Puppies are typically born in litters of four to six and are born in dens which provide cover and protection from other predators.
The entire pack contributes to the care and education of the puppies, with pack members bringing food to the mother and eventually taking turns to feed, entertain, and babysit the young
As the puppies grow older, they enjoy playing games that prepare them for adult wolf behaviors.
The pack may return to the same den year after year or create a new one each year.